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Immigration Hearings and Appeals; Refugee Hearings and Appeals:

The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) is Canada's largest independent administrative tribunal. It is responsible for making well-reasoned decisions on immigration and refugee matters, efficiently, fairly and in accordance with the law. It has four divisions:

Immigration Division (ID) ​

Immigration Division (ID) conducts admissibility hearings for people believed to be inadmissible to, or removable from Canada. It also conducts detention reviews for foreign nationals or permanent residents detained by the CBSA to review the reasons for detention.

Immigration Appeal Division (IAD)

Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) hears appeals on immigration-related matters like:

Appeals of family class sponsorship applications refused by IRCC officials.

Appeals of removal orders made against permanent residents, protected persons, and holders of permanent resident visas.

Appeals by permanent residents who have been found by an IRCC official outside of Canada not to have fulfilled their residency obligation.

Appeals by the Minister of Public Safety of decisions where the ID made a decision that a person is not inadmissible.

Refugee Protection Division (RPD)

Refugee Protection Division (RPD) hears and decides claims for refugee protection made in Canada in keeping with the international Geneva Convention, as implemented through the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA).

Refugee Appeal Division (RAD)

Refugee Appeal Division (RAD) decides appeals from decisions of the RPD to allow or reject claims for refugee protection. The RAD may decide to confirm or to change the RPD’s decision. It may also decide to send the case back to the RPD to hear it again, giving the directions to the RPD that it considers appropriate.

Have questions or looking for where your interests will be properly represented?

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